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- Held At: /Tern/Atcham/Shropshire
- Held At: Shropshire Archives
- System Reference: X112
- Date: 1429-1973
- Level: Collection
- Extent: 4.38
- Description: This collection relates to the Hill (from 1824 Noel-Hill) family of Attingham and includes records relating to the management of their estates as well as family material. The basis of the fortunes of this branch of the Hill family was provided by Richard Hill of Hawkstone, at various times a special envoy, a Treasury lord, and Deputy Paymaster General to the forces in Flanders in the reign of William III. Richard died unmarried, having settled his properties in favour of the sons of his three surviving siblings. Rowland Hill (the son of Richard's brother John Hill) received the Hawkstone estate, Samuel Hill, formerly Barbour (the son of Richard's sister Elizabeth) was given the Shenstone estate in Staffordshire, and Thomas Hill, formerly Harwood (the elder son of Elizabeth's twin sister Margaret) was given the manor of Attingham with its mansion, Tern Hall - subsequently remodelled in Palladian style and thereafter known as Attingham Hall. Attingham had been intended for Richard Hill's brother Robert, but he died early, leaving daughters, who were instead settled in marriage to prosperous men.
The early records in this collection owe their survival to Thomas Hill [Harwood]. He had been Richard Hill's amanuensis and remained the family administrator, thereby accumulating various family muniments at Tern.
Thomas Hill's eldest surviving son, Noel, was created Baron Berwick in 1784; he was responsible for much of the building work which transformed Tern Hall into Attingham Hall. Further work on Attingham was undertaken by Thomas Noel Hill, the second Lord Berwick, which, at least in part, explains the need to sell the contents of the Hall in 1827 (see: Watton, John ed., Watton's Newspaper Cuttings, Vol. 1. p.294). William Hill, the third Lord Berwick, enjoyed a successful career as a diplomat in Italy before inheriting the estate in 1832. Following the death of William Hill (from 1824 Noel-Hill) in 1842, Attingham was shut up or tenanted while the Hill family chose to live at Cronkhill. Thomas Henry, the eighth Lord Berwick, moved from Cronkhill to Attingham in 1921, two years after his marriage to Teresa Hulton. They continued to live at Attingham until their deaths in 1947 and 1972 respectively. A cousin was able to enjoy the baronial title for a few years, but Attingham Hall and the estate passed to the National Trust by the eighth Lord Berwick's will.
- Related People:
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, Edith Teresa
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, Richard
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, Thomas
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, Thomas Noel (Rev)
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, William
- Creator Name: Noel-Hill, William
- Creator Name: Hill, Richard
- Related Materials: Information about the Hill family of Hawkstone is included in the Bygott collection (SA 731).
A number of printed items are also available which provide additional information about Attingham and the Hill family:
1. E. M. Jancey: ?Hon. and Rev. Richard Hill of Hawkstone, 1655-1727? in Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society (TSAS), vol LV, 1954-1956.
2. Dorothy Wolley: ?Thomas Hill of Tern, 1693-1782? in Archives, vol XXI, 1994.
3. Barbara Coulton: ?Tern Hall and the Hill family, 1700-1775? in TSAS, vol. LXVI, 1989.
4. Barbara Coulton: A Shropshire Squire: Noel Hill, First Lord Berwick (1989).
5. Victoria County History (VCH), Shropshire, volumes III, IV, VIII and XI.
More details of the management of the estates and of individual members of the Hill family are given in the introductions to the appropriate sections of this catalogue.
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